Published:

Angular 14 - Reactive Forms Validation Example

Built with Angular 14.2.11

Other versions available:

This is a quick example of how to implement form validation in Angular 14 with Reactive Forms.

The Reactive Forms library comes as part of the Angular framework (in the @angular/forms npm package), it uses a model-driven approach to build, validate and handle forms in Angular. For more info see https://angular.io/guide/reactive-forms.

Example Angular 14 Registration Form

The example is a simple registration form with pretty standard fields for title, first name, last name, date of birth, email, password, confirm password and an accept terms and conditions checkbox. The form defines the following validation rules:

  • Required fields - all fields are required including the checkbox.
  • Date validation - the DOB field must contain a valid date.
  • Email address validation - the email address must be in a valid format.
  • Password min length - the password must contain at least 6 characters.
  • Passwords must match - the confirm password and password fields must match. This is implemented by a custom MustMatch validator.

Validate on Form Submit

I setup the form to display validation messages on form submit rather than as soon as each field is changed (i.e. touched/dirty). This is achieved with a submitted property in the app component that is set to true when the form is submitted for the first time, and reset to false when the cancel button is clicked.

Styled with Bootstrap 5

The example login app is styled with the CSS from Bootstrap 5.2, for more info about Bootstrap see https://getbootstrap.com/docs/5.2/getting-started/introduction/.

Here it is in action: (See on StackBlitz at https://stackblitz.com/edit/angular-14-reactive-form-validation-example)


App Component with Form Validation Rules

The app component contains our example sign up form which creates the form fields and validators using an Angular FormBuilder to create an instance of a FormGroup that is stored in the registerForm property. The registerForm is then bound to the <form> element in the app template below using the [formGroup] directive.

The component contains a convenience getter property f to make it easier to access form controls from the template. So for example you can access the confirmPassword field in the template using f.confirmPassword instead of registerForm.controls.confirmPassword.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';

// import custom validator to validate that password and confirm password fields match
import { MustMatch } from './_helpers/must-match.validator';

@Component({ selector: 'app-root', templateUrl: 'app.component.html' })
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
    registerForm: FormGroup;
    submitted = false;

    constructor(private formBuilder: FormBuilder) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.registerForm = this.formBuilder.group({
            title: ['', Validators.required],
            firstName: ['', Validators.required],
            lastName: ['', Validators.required],
            // validates date format yyyy-mm-dd
            dob: ['', [Validators.required, Validators.pattern(/^\d{4}\-(0[1-9]|1[012])\-(0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])$/)]],
            email: ['', [Validators.required, Validators.email]],
            password: ['', [Validators.required, Validators.minLength(6)]],
            confirmPassword: ['', Validators.required],
            acceptTerms: [false, Validators.requiredTrue]
        }, {
            validator: MustMatch('password', 'confirmPassword')
        });
    }

    // convenience getter for easy access to form fields
    get f() { return this.registerForm.controls; }

    onSubmit() {
        this.submitted = true;

        // stop here if form is invalid
        if (this.registerForm.invalid) {
            return;
        }

        // display form values on success
        alert('SUCCESS!! :-)\n\n' + JSON.stringify(this.registerForm.value, null, 4));
    }

    onReset() {
        this.submitted = false;
        this.registerForm.reset();
    }
}


App Component Template with Form Markup

The app component template contains all the html markup for displaying the example registration form inside a bootstrap card container. The form element uses the [formGroup] Angular directive to bind to the registerForm FormGroup in the app component above.

The form submit event is bound to the onSubmit() handler method using the Angular event binding (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()". Validation messages are displayed only after the user attempts to submit the form for the first time, this is controlled with the submitted property of the app component.

The cancel button click event is bound to the onReset() handler in the app component using the Angular event binding (click)="onReset()".

<!-- main app container -->
<div class="card m-3">
    <h5 class="card-header">Angular 14 Reactive Form Validation</h5>
    <div class="card-body">
        <form [formGroup]="registerForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Title</label>
                    <select formControlName="title" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.title.errors }">
                        <option value=""></option>
                        <option value="Mr">Mr</option>
                        <option value="Mrs">Mrs</option>
                        <option value="Miss">Miss</option>
                        <option value="Ms">Ms</option>
                    </select>
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.title.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.title.errors.required">Title is required</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col-5 mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">First Name</label>
                    <input type="text" formControlName="firstName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.firstName.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.firstName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.firstName.errors.required">First Name is required</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col-5 mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Last Name</label>
                    <input type="text" formControlName="lastName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.lastName.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.lastName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.lastName.errors.required">Last Name is required</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Date of Birth</label>
                    <input type="date" formControlName="dob" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.dob.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.dob.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.dob.errors.required">Date of Birth is required</div>
                        <div *ngIf="f.dob.errors.pattern">Date of Birth must be a valid date in the format YYYY-MM-DD</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Email</label>
                    <input type="text" formControlName="email" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.email.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.email.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.email.errors.required">Email is required</div>
                        <div *ngIf="f.email.errors.email">Email must be a valid email address</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="row">
                <div class="col mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Password</label>
                    <input type="password" formControlName="password" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.password.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.password.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.required">Password is required</div>
                        <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.minlength">Password must be at least 6 characters</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col mb-3">
                    <label class="form-label">Confirm Password</label>
                    <input type="password" formControlName="confirmPassword" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.confirmPassword.errors }" />
                    <div *ngIf="submitted && f.confirmPassword.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                        <div *ngIf="f.confirmPassword.errors.required">Confirm Password is required</div>
                        <div *ngIf="f.confirmPassword.errors.mustMatch">Passwords must match</div>
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-check mb-3">
                <input type="checkbox" formControlName="acceptTerms" id="acceptTerms" class="form-check-input" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.acceptTerms.errors }" />
                <label for="acceptTerms" class="form-check-label">Accept Terms & Conditions</label>
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.acceptTerms.errors" class="invalid-feedback">Accept Ts & Cs is required</div>
            </div>
            <div class="text-center">
                <button class="btn btn-primary me-2">Register</button>
                <button class="btn btn-secondary" type="reset" (click)="onReset()">Cancel</button>
            </div>
        </form>
    </div>
</div>


Custom "Must Match" Validator

Angular Reactive Forms contains a bunch of built-in Validators. For anything not supported out of the box you can create a custom validator.

The custom MustMatch validator is used in the example to validate that the password and confirm password fields match. However it could be used to validate any pair of fields is matching (e.g. email and confirm email fields).

Error attached to confirmPassword field

The custom validator works a bit different to "normal", it attaches the error to the confirm password field (matchingControl) instead of returning it from the function which would attach it to the formGroup. I think it makes the app component template (above) a bit cleaner and more intuitive since the mustMatch validation error is displayed below the confirmPassword field, so it keeps the code consistent to check the error with f.confirmPassword.errors.mustMatch.

import { FormGroup } from '@angular/forms';

// custom validator to check that two fields match
export function MustMatch(controlName: string, matchingControlName: string) {
    return (formGroup: FormGroup) => {
        const control = formGroup.controls[controlName];
        const matchingControl = formGroup.controls[matchingControlName];

        if (matchingControl.errors && !matchingControl.errors.mustMatch) {
            // return if another validator has already found an error on the matchingControl
            return;
        }

        // set error on matchingControl if validation fails
        if (control.value !== matchingControl.value) {
            matchingControl.setErrors({ mustMatch: true });
        } else {
            matchingControl.setErrors(null);
        }
    }
}


App Module

There isn't much going on in the app module other than the standard stuff, the main thing you need to remember for using Reactive Forms in Angular is to import the ReactiveFormsModule from '@angular/forms' and include it in the imports array of the @NgModule decorator.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        ReactiveFormsModule
    ],
    declarations: [
        AppComponent
    ],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

 


Subscribe or Follow Me For Updates

Subscribe to my YouTube channel or follow me on Twitter, Facebook or GitHub to be notified when I post new content.

Other than coding...

I'm currently attempting to travel around Australia by motorcycle with my wife Tina on a pair of Royal Enfield Himalayans. You can follow our adventures on YouTube, Instagram and Facebook.


Need Some Angular 14 Help?

Search fiverr to find help quickly from experienced Angular 14 developers.



Supported by