Published: November 30 2022

Angular 14 - Fake Backend API to Intercept HTTP Requests in Development

Built with Angular 14.2.12

Other versions available:

The following is an example of how to implement a custom fake or mock backend API in Angular 14 with an HTTP Interceptor.

A fake backend is used for doing backendless development in Angular which allows you to run and test your code without a real backend API, it's perfect for code hosted in StackBlitz which doesn't have a backend, or when you're developing a front end before the backend is available.

I created the below fake backend as part of an Angular 14 - User Registration and Login Example & Tutorial, it's built by extending the Angular HttpInterceptor interface and includes mock endpoints for authentication, registration and user management. It uses browser local storage to store data to mimic a real api with a database.

Pass through unmocked HTTP requests

Requests to routes that are not mocked in the fake backend are passed through as real HTTP requests by calling return next.handle(request);. This gives the option of having a partially mocked API in case the real backend API is in development and doesn't have all endpoints available.

Custom Fake Backend Interceptor

This is the complete code for the fake backend API (interceptor and provider) used in the above example. It contains a handleRoute function that checks if the request matches one of the faked routes in the switch statement, at the moment this includes requests for handling registration, authentication and user CRUD operations.

Matching requests are intercepted and handled by one of the // route functions, non-matching requests are sent through to the real backend by calling next.handle(request);. Below the route functions there are // helper functions for returning different response types and performing small tasks.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpResponse, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable, of, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { delay, materialize, dematerialize } from 'rxjs/operators';

// array in local storage for registered users
const usersKey = 'angular-14-registration-login-example-users';
let users: any[] = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem(usersKey)!) || [];

export class FakeBackendInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        const { url, method, headers, body } = request;

        return handleRoute();

        function handleRoute() {
            switch (true) {
                case url.endsWith('/users/authenticate') && method === 'POST':
                    return authenticate();
                case url.endsWith('/users/register') && method === 'POST':
                    return register();
                case url.endsWith('/users') && method === 'GET':
                    return getUsers();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'GET':
                    return getUserById();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'PUT':
                    return updateUser();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'DELETE':
                    return deleteUser();
                    // pass through any requests not handled above
                    return next.handle(request);

        // route functions

        function authenticate() {
            const { username, password } = body;
            const user = users.find(x => x.username === username && x.password === password);
            if (!user) return error('Username or password is incorrect');
            return ok({
                token: 'fake-jwt-token'

        function register() {
            const user = body

            if (users.find(x => x.username === user.username)) {
                return error('Username "' + user.username + '" is already taken')

   = users.length ? Math.max( => + 1 : 1;
            localStorage.setItem(usersKey, JSON.stringify(users));
            return ok();

        function getUsers() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();
            return ok( => basicDetails(x)));

        function getUserById() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            const user = users.find(x => === idFromUrl());
            return ok(basicDetails(user));

        function updateUser() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            let params = body;
            let user = users.find(x => === idFromUrl());

            // only update password if entered
            if (!params.password) {
                delete params.password;

            // update and save user
            Object.assign(user, params);
            localStorage.setItem(usersKey, JSON.stringify(users));

            return ok();

        function deleteUser() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            users = users.filter(x => !== idFromUrl());
            localStorage.setItem(usersKey, JSON.stringify(users));
            return ok();

        // helper functions

        function ok(body?: any) {
            return of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200, body }))
                .pipe(delay(500)); // delay observable to simulate server api call

        function error(message: string) {
            return throwError(() => ({ error: { message } }))
                .pipe(materialize(), delay(500), dematerialize()); // call materialize and dematerialize to ensure delay even if an error is thrown (;

        function unauthorized() {
            return throwError(() => ({ status: 401, error: { message: 'Unauthorized' } }))
                .pipe(materialize(), delay(500), dematerialize());

        function basicDetails(user: any) {
            const { id, username, firstName, lastName } = user;
            return { id, username, firstName, lastName };

        function isLoggedIn() {
            return headers.get('Authorization') === 'Bearer fake-jwt-token';

        function idFromUrl() {
            const urlParts = url.split('/');
            return parseInt(urlParts[urlParts.length - 1]);

export const fakeBackendProvider = {
    // use fake backend in place of Http service for backend-less development
    useClass: FakeBackendInterceptor,
    multi: true

Using the Angular Fake Backend API

To use the fake backend API in your Angular 14 app import the fakeBackendProvider in your app module and add it to the providers array as shown below.

This is the complete app module from the same example project.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';

// used to create fake backend
import { fakeBackendProvider } from './_helpers';

import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { JwtInterceptor, ErrorInterceptor } from './_helpers';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { AlertComponent } from './_components';
import { HomeComponent } from './home';

    imports: [
    declarations: [
    providers: [
        { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: JwtInterceptor, multi: true },
        { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: ErrorInterceptor, multi: true },

        // provider used to create fake backend
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { };


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