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React - Form Validation Example with React Hook Form

Example built with React 16.13.1 and React Hook Form 6.8.6

Other versions available:

This is a quick example of how to setup form validation in React with the React Hook Form library.

React Hook Form is a relatively new library for working with forms in React using React Hooks, I just stumbled across it recently and will be using it for my React projects going forward, I think it's easier to use than the other options available and requires less code. For more info see https://react-hook-form.com.

The example is a simple registration form with pretty standard fields for title, first name, last name, date of birth, email, password, confirm password and an accept terms and conditions checkbox. All fields are required including the checkbox, the dob must be a valid date, the email address must be in a valid format, the password field must have a min length of 6, and the confirm password and password fields must match.

Styling of the example is all done with Bootstrap 4.5 CSS, for more info see https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.5/getting-started/introduction/.

Here it is in action: (See on StackBlitz at https://stackblitz.com/edit/react-hook-form-validation-example)


App Component with React Hook Form

The app component contains an example registration form built with the React Hook Form library.

Form validation rules are defined with the Yup schema validation library and passed to the React Hook Form useForm() function, for more info on Yup see https://github.com/jquense/yup.

The useForm() hook function returns an object with methods for working with a form including registering inputs, handling form submit, resetting the form, displaying errors and more, for a complete list see https://react-hook-form.com/api#useForm.

The onSubmit() method is called when the form is valid and submitted, and simply displays the form data in a javascript alert.

The returned JSX template contains the form with all of the input fields and validation messages. The form fields are registered with the React Hook Form using the ref={register} attribute which registers each input with the input name.

import React from 'react';
import { useForm } from "react-hook-form";
import { yupResolver } from '@hookform/resolvers';
import * as Yup from 'yup';

function App() {
    // form validation rules 
    const validationSchema = Yup.object().shape({
        title: Yup.string()
            .required('Title is required'),
        firstName: Yup.string()
            .required('First Name is required'),
        lastName: Yup.string()
            .required('Last name is required'),
        dob: Yup.string()
            .required('Date of Birth is required')
            .matches(/^\d{4}-(0[1-9]|1[012])-(0[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])$/, 'Date of Birth must be a valid date in the format YYYY-MM-DD'),
        email: Yup.string()
            .required('Email is required')
            .email('Email is invalid'),
        password: Yup.string()
            .min(6, 'Password must be at least 6 characters')
            .required('Password is required'),
        confirmPassword: Yup.string()
            .oneOf([Yup.ref('password'), null], 'Passwords must match')
            .required('Confirm Password is required'),
        acceptTerms: Yup.bool()
            .oneOf([true], 'Accept Ts & Cs is required')
    });

    // functions to build form returned by useForm() hook
    const { register, handleSubmit, reset, errors } = useForm({
        resolver: yupResolver(validationSchema)
    });

    function onSubmit(data) {
        // display form data on success
        alert('SUCCESS!! :-)\n\n' + JSON.stringify(data, null, 4));
    }

    return (
        <div className="card m-3">
            <h5 className="card-header">React Form Validation Example with React Hook Form</h5>
            <div className="card-body">
                <form onSubmit={handleSubmit(onSubmit)} onReset={reset}>
                    <div className="form-row">
                        <div className="form-group col">
                            <label>Title</label>
                            <select name="title" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.title ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`}>
                                <option value=""></option>
                                <option value="Mr">Mr</option>
                                <option value="Mrs">Mrs</option>
                                <option value="Miss">Miss</option>
                                <option value="Ms">Ms</option>
                            </select>
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.title?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                        <div className="form-group col-5">
                            <label>First Name</label>
                            <input name="firstName" type="text" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.firstName ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.firstName?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                        <div className="form-group col-5">
                            <label>Last Name</label>
                            <input name="lastName" type="text" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.lastName ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.lastName?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div className="form-row">
                        <div className="form-group col">
                            <label>Date of Birth</label>
                            <input name="dob" type="date" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.dob ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.dob?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                        <div className="form-group col">
                            <label>Email</label>
                            <input name="email" type="text" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.email ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.email?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div className="form-row">
                        <div className="form-group col">
                            <label>Password</label>
                            <input name="password" type="password" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.password ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.password?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                        <div className="form-group col">
                            <label>Confirm Password</label>
                            <input name="confirmPassword" type="password" ref={register} className={`form-control ${errors.confirmPassword ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                            <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.confirmPassword?.message}</div>
                        </div>
                    </div>
                    <div className="form-group form-check">
                        <input name="acceptTerms" type="checkbox" ref={register} id="acceptTerms" className={`form-check-input ${errors.acceptTerms ? 'is-invalid' : ''}`} />
                        <label for="acceptTerms" className="form-check-label">Accept Terms & Conditions</label>
                        <div className="invalid-feedback">{errors.acceptTerms?.message}</div>
                    </div>
                    <div className="form-group">
                        <button type="submit" className="btn btn-primary mr-1">Register</button>
                        <button className="btn btn-secondary" type="reset">Reset</button>
                    </div>
                </form>
            </div>
        </div>
    )
}

export { App };

 

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