Published:

Angular 9 - User Registration and Login Example & Tutorial

Tutorial built with Angular 9.1.3

Other versions available:

In this tutorial we'll go through an example of how to build a simple user registration, login and user management (CRUD) application with Angular 9.

The project is available on GitHub at https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular-9-registration-login-example.

The Angular CLI was used to generate the base project structure with the ng new <project name> command, the CLI is also used to build and serve the application. For more info about the Angular CLI see https://angular.io/cli.

Styling of the example app is all done with Bootstrap 4.4 CSS, for more info about Bootstrap see https://getbootstrap.com/docs/4.4/getting-started/introduction/.

Here it is in action: (See on StackBlitz at https://stackblitz.com/edit/angular-9-registration-login-example)


Running the Angular 9 Login Tutorial Example Locally

  1. Install NodeJS and NPM from https://nodejs.org.
  2. Download or clone the Angular project source code from https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular-9-registration-login-example
  3. Install all required npm packages by running npm install or npm i from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
  4. Start the app by running npm start from the command line in the project root folder, this will compile the Angular app and automatically launch it in the browser on the URL http://localhost:4200.

NOTE: You can also start the app with the Angular CLI command ng serve --open. To do this first install the Angular CLI globally on your system with the command npm install -g @angular/cli.

For more info on setting up an Angular development environment see Angular - Setup Development Environment.


Running the Example App with a Real Backend API

The tutorial uses a fake backend by default so it can run in the browser without a real api, to switch to a real backend api you just have to remove or comment out the line below the comment // provider used to create fake backend located in the /src/app/app.module.ts file.

You can build your own backend api or start with one of the below options:


Deploying the Angular App to AWS

This video shows how to setup a production ready web server from scratch on AWS, then deploy the example Angular app and configure it to run with a real Node.js + MongoDB backend api. The tutorial used in the video is available at Angular + Node.js on AWS - How to Deploy a MEAN Stack App to Amazon EC2.

NOTE: The video shows deploying the previous (Angular 8) version of the example app, but the steps are exactly the same for the Angular 9 version except for one small detail - the apiUrl has been moved from the webpack config file to the environment config files (/src/environments/environment.ts and /src/environments/environment.prod.ts).


Deploying the Angular App to Microsoft Azure

This video shows how to deploy the Angular app to Azure with a real backend api built with ASP.NET Core and an Azure SQL Server database, the full tutorial is available at Angular + .NET Core + SQL on Azure - How to Deploy a Full Stack App to Microsoft Azure.

NOTE: The video shows deploying the previous (Angular 8) version of the example app, but the steps are exactly the same for the Angular 9 version except for one small detail - the apiUrl has been moved from the webpack config file to the environment config files (/src/environments/environment.ts and /src/environments/environment.prod.ts).


Angular 9 Project Structure

The app and code structure of the tutorial mostly follow the best practice recommendations in the official Angular Style Guide, with a few of my own tweaks here and there.

Each feature has it's own folder (account, home & users), other shared/common code such as components, services, models, helpers etc are placed in folders prefixed with an underscore _ to easily differentiate them from features and group them together at the top of the folder structure.

The index.ts files in some folders are barrel files that group the exported modules from that folder together so they can be imported using only the folder path instead of the full module path, and to enable importing multiple modules in a single import (e.g. import { AccountService, AlertService } from '@app/_services').

The account and users features are organised into self contained feature modules that manage their own layout, routes and components, and are hooked into the main app inside the app routing module with lazy loading.

Path aliases @app and @environments have been configured in tsconfig.json that map to the /src/app and /src/environments directories. This allows imports to be relative to the app and environments folders by prefixing import paths with aliases instead of having to use long relative paths (e.g. import MyComponent from '../../../MyComponent').

Here are the main project files that contain the application logic, I left out some files that were generated by Angular CLI ng new command that I didn't change.

 

Alert Component Template

Path: /src/app/_components/alert.component.html

The alert component template contains the html for displaying alert messages at the top of the page, it renders a notification for each alert in the alerts array of the alert component below.

<div *ngFor="let alert of alerts" class="{{cssClass(alert)}}">
    <a class="close" (click)="removeAlert(alert)">&times;</a>
    <span [innerHTML]="alert.message"></span>
</div>
 

Alert Component

Path: /src/app/_components/alert.component.ts

The alert component controls the adding & removing of alerts in the UI, it maintains an array of alerts that are rendered by the component template.

The ngOnInit method subscribes to the observable returned from the alertService.onAlert() method, this enables the alert component to be notified whenever an alert message is sent to the alert service and add it to the alerts array for display. Alerts are cleared when an alert with an empty message is received from the alert service. The ngOnInit method also calls router.events.subscribe() to subscribe to route change events so it can automatically clear alerts on route changes.

The ngOnDestroy() method unsubscribes from the alert service and router when the component is destroyed to prevent memory leaks from orphaned subscriptions.

The removeAlert() method removes the specified alert object from the array, which allows individual alerts to be closed in the UI.

The cssClass() method returns a corresponding bootstrap alert class for each of the alert types, if you're using something other than bootstrap you can change the CSS classes returned to suit your application.

For more info about Angular alerts see Angular 9 - Alert Notifications.

import { Component, OnInit, OnDestroy, Input } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, NavigationStart } from '@angular/router';
import { Subscription } from 'rxjs';

import { Alert, AlertType } from '@app/_models';
import { AlertService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ selector: 'alert', templateUrl: 'alert.component.html' })
export class AlertComponent implements OnInit, OnDestroy {
    @Input() id = 'default-alert';
    @Input() fade = true;

    alerts: Alert[] = [];
    alertSubscription: Subscription;
    routeSubscription: Subscription;

    constructor(private router: Router, private alertService: AlertService) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        // subscribe to new alert notifications
        this.alertSubscription = this.alertService.onAlert(this.id)
            .subscribe(alert => {
                // clear alerts when an empty alert is received
                if (!alert.message) {
                    // filter out alerts without 'keepAfterRouteChange' flag
                    this.alerts = this.alerts.filter(x => x.keepAfterRouteChange);

                    // remove 'keepAfterRouteChange' flag on the rest
                    this.alerts.forEach(x => delete x.keepAfterRouteChange);
                    return;
                }

                // add alert to array
                this.alerts.push(alert);

                // auto close alert if required
                if (alert.autoClose) {
                    setTimeout(() => this.removeAlert(alert), 3000);
                }
           });

        // clear alerts on location change
        this.routeSubscription = this.router.events.subscribe(event => {
            if (event instanceof NavigationStart) {
                this.alertService.clear(this.id);
            }
        });
    }

    ngOnDestroy() {
        // unsubscribe to avoid memory leaks
        this.alertSubscription.unsubscribe();
        this.routeSubscription.unsubscribe();
    }

    removeAlert(alert: Alert) {
        // check if already removed to prevent error on auto close
        if (!this.alerts.includes(alert)) return;

        if (this.fade) {
            // fade out alert
            this.alerts.find(x => x === alert).fade = true;

            // remove alert after faded out
            setTimeout(() => {
                this.alerts = this.alerts.filter(x => x !== alert);
            }, 250);
        } else {
            // remove alert
            this.alerts = this.alerts.filter(x => x !== alert);
        }
    }

    cssClass(alert: Alert) {
        if (!alert) return;

        const classes = ['alert', 'alert-dismissable', 'mt-4', 'container'];
                
        const alertTypeClass = {
            [AlertType.Success]: 'alert alert-success',
            [AlertType.Error]: 'alert alert-danger',
            [AlertType.Info]: 'alert alert-info',
            [AlertType.Warning]: 'alert alert-warning'
        }

        classes.push(alertTypeClass[alert.type]);

        if (alert.fade) {
            classes.push('fade');
        }

        return classes.join(' ');
    }
}
 

Auth Guard

Path: /src/app/_helpers/auth.guard.ts

The auth guard is an angular route guard that's used to prevent unauthenticated users from accessing restricted routes, it does this by implementing the CanActivate interface which allows the guard to decide if a route can be activated with the canActivate() method. If the method returns true the route is activated (allowed to proceed), otherwise if the method returns false the route is blocked.

The auth guard uses the account service to check if the user is logged in, if they are logged in it returns true from the canActivate() method, otherwise it returns false and redirects the user to the login page along with the returnUrl in the query parameters.

Angular route guards are attached to routes in the router config, this auth guard is used in app-routing.module.ts to protect the home page route.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, CanActivate, ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot } from '@angular/router';

import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' })
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {
    constructor(
        private router: Router,
        private accountService: AccountService
    ) {}

    canActivate(route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot) {
        const user = this.accountService.userValue;
        if (user) {
            // authorised so return true
            return true;
        }

        // not logged in so redirect to login page with the return url
        this.router.navigate(['/account/login'], { queryParams: { returnUrl: state.url }});
        return false;
    }
}
 

Error Interceptor

Path: /src/app/_helpers/error.interceptor.ts

The Error Interceptor intercepts http responses from the api to check if there were any errors. If there is a 401 Unauthorized response the user is automatically logged out of the application, all other errors are re-thrown up to the calling service so an alert with the error can be displayed on the screen.

It's implemented using the Angular HttpInterceptor interface included in the HttpClientModule, by implementing the HttpInterceptor interface you can create a custom interceptor to catch all error responses from the server in a single location.

Http interceptors are added to the request pipeline in the providers section of the app.module.ts file.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Injectable()
export class ErrorInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    constructor(private accountService: AccountService) {}

    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        return next.handle(request).pipe(catchError(err => {
            if (err.status === 401) {
                // auto logout if 401 response returned from api
                this.accountService.logout();
            }
            
            const error = err.error.message || err.statusText;
            return throwError(error);
        }))
    }
}
 

Fake Backend Provider

Path: /src/app/_helpers/fake-backend.ts

In order to run and test the Angular application without a real backend API, the example uses a fake backend that intercepts the HTTP requests from the Angular app and sends back "fake" responses. This is done by a class that implements the Angular HttpInterceptor interface, for more information on Angular HTTP Interceptors see https://angular.io/api/common/http/HttpInterceptor or this article.

The fake backend contains a handleRoute function that checks if the request matches one of the faked routes in the switch statement, at the moment this includes requests for handling registration, authentication and user CRUD operations. Matching requests are intercepted and handled by one of the below // route functions, non-matching requests are sent through to the real backend by calling next.handle(request);. Below the route functions there are // helper functions for returning different response types and performing small tasks.

For more info see Angular 9 - Fake Backend Example for Backendless Development.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpResponse, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable, of, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { delay, mergeMap, materialize, dematerialize } from 'rxjs/operators';

// array in local storage for registered users
let users = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('users')) || [];

@Injectable()
export class FakeBackendInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        const { url, method, headers, body } = request;

        // wrap in delayed observable to simulate server api call
        return of(null)
            .pipe(mergeMap(handleRoute))
            .pipe(materialize()) // call materialize and dematerialize to ensure delay even if an error is thrown (https://github.com/Reactive-Extensions/RxJS/issues/648)
            .pipe(delay(500))
            .pipe(dematerialize());

        function handleRoute() {
            switch (true) {
                case url.endsWith('/users/authenticate') && method === 'POST':
                    return authenticate();
                case url.endsWith('/users/register') && method === 'POST':
                    return register();
                case url.endsWith('/users') && method === 'GET':
                    return getUsers();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'GET':
                    return getUserById();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'PUT':
                    return updateUser();
                case url.match(/\/users\/\d+$/) && method === 'DELETE':
                    return deleteUser();
                default:
                    // pass through any requests not handled above
                    return next.handle(request);
            }    
        }

        // route functions

        function authenticate() {
            const { username, password } = body;
            const user = users.find(x => x.username === username && x.password === password);
            if (!user) return error('Username or password is incorrect');
            return ok({
                id: user.id,
                username: user.username,
                firstName: user.firstName,
                lastName: user.lastName,
                token: 'fake-jwt-token'
            })
        }

        function register() {
            const user = body

            if (users.find(x => x.username === user.username)) {
                return error('Username "' + user.username + '" is already taken')
            }

            user.id = users.length ? Math.max(...users.map(x => x.id)) + 1 : 1;
            users.push(user);
            localStorage.setItem('users', JSON.stringify(users));
            return ok();
        }

        function getUsers() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();
            return ok(users);
        }

        function getUserById() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            const user = users.find(x => x.id === idFromUrl());
            return ok(user);
        }

        function updateUser() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            let params = body;
            let user = users.find(x => x.id === idFromUrl());

            // only update password if entered
            if (!params.password) {
                delete params.password;
            }

            // update and save user
            Object.assign(user, params);
            localStorage.setItem('users', JSON.stringify(users));

            return ok();
        }

        function deleteUser() {
            if (!isLoggedIn()) return unauthorized();

            users = users.filter(x => x.id !== idFromUrl());
            localStorage.setItem('users', JSON.stringify(users));
            return ok();
        }

        // helper functions

        function ok(body?) {
            return of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200, body }))
        }

        function error(message) {
            return throwError({ error: { message } });
        }

        function unauthorized() {
            return throwError({ status: 401, error: { message: 'Unauthorised' } });
        }

        function isLoggedIn() {
            return headers.get('Authorization') === 'Bearer fake-jwt-token';
        }

        function idFromUrl() {
            const urlParts = url.split('/');
            return parseInt(urlParts[urlParts.length - 1]);
        }
    }
}

export const fakeBackendProvider = {
    // use fake backend in place of Http service for backend-less development
    provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS,
    useClass: FakeBackendInterceptor,
    multi: true
};
 

JWT Interceptor

Path: /src/app/_helpers/jwt.interceptor.ts

The JWT Interceptor intercepts http requests from the application to add a JWT auth token to the Authorization header if the user is logged in and the request is to the application api url (environment.apiUrl).

It's implemented using the HttpInterceptor interface included in the HttpClientModule, by implementing the HttpInterceptor interface you can create a custom interceptor to modify http requests before they get sent to the server.

Http interceptors are added to the request pipeline in the providers section of the app.module.ts file.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

import { environment } from '@environments/environment';
import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Injectable()
export class JwtInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    constructor(private accountService: AccountService) { }

    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        // add auth header with jwt if user is logged in and request is to the api url
        const user = this.accountService.userValue;
        const isLoggedIn = user && user.token;
        const isApiUrl = request.url.startsWith(environment.apiUrl);
        if (isLoggedIn && isApiUrl) {
            request = request.clone({
                setHeaders: {
                    Authorization: `Bearer ${user.token}`
                }
            });
        }

        return next.handle(request);
    }
}
 

Alert Model and Alert Type Enum

Path: /src/app/_models/alert.ts

The Alert model defines the properties of each alert object, and the AlertType enum defines the types of alerts allowed in the application.

export class Alert {
    id: string;
    type: AlertType;
    message: string;
    autoClose: boolean;
    keepAfterRouteChange: boolean;
    fade: boolean;

    constructor(init?:Partial<Alert>) {
        Object.assign(this, init);
    }
}

export enum AlertType {
    Success,
    Error,
    Info,
    Warning
}
 

User Model

Path: /src/app/_models/user.ts

The user model is a small class that defines the properties of a user.

export class User {
    id: string;
    username: string;
    password: string;
    firstName: string;
    lastName: string;
    token: string;
}
 

Account Service

Path: /src/app/_services/account.service.ts

The account service handles communication between the Angular app and the backend api for everything related to accounts. It contains methods for the login, logout and registration, as well as and standard CRUD methods for retrieving and modifying user data.

On successful login the returned user is stored in browser local storage to keep the user logged in between page refreshes and browser sessions, if you prefer not to use local storage you can simply remove it from the account service and the application will continue to work correctly, except for staying logged in between page refreshes.

The user property exposes an RxJS observable (Observable<User>) so any component can subscribe to be notified when a user logs in, logs out or updates their profile. The notification is triggered by the call to this.userSubject.next() from each of those methods. For more info on communicating between components with RxJS Observables see Angular 9 - Communicating Between Components with Observable & Subject.

The userValue getter allows other components to easily get the current value of the logged in user without having to subscribe to the user observable.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { BehaviorSubject, Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { map } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { environment } from '@environments/environment';
import { User } from '@app/_models';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' })
export class AccountService {
    private userSubject: BehaviorSubject<User>;
    public user: Observable<User>;

    constructor(
        private router: Router,
        private http: HttpClient
    ) {
        this.userSubject = new BehaviorSubject<User>(JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('user')));
        this.user = this.userSubject.asObservable();
    }

    public get userValue(): User {
        return this.userSubject.value;
    }

    login(username, password) {
        return this.http.post<User>(`${environment.apiUrl}/users/authenticate`, { username, password })
            .pipe(map(user => {
                // store user details and jwt token in local storage to keep user logged in between page refreshes
                localStorage.setItem('user', JSON.stringify(user));
                this.userSubject.next(user);
                return user;
            }));
    }

    logout() {
        // remove user from local storage and set current user to null
        localStorage.removeItem('user');
        this.userSubject.next(null);
        this.router.navigate(['/account/login']);
    }

    register(user: User) {
        return this.http.post(`${environment.apiUrl}/users/register`, user);
    }

    getAll() {
        return this.http.get<User[]>(`${environment.apiUrl}/users`);
    }

    getById(id: string) {
        return this.http.get<User>(`${environment.apiUrl}/users/${id}`);
    }

    update(id, params) {
        return this.http.put(`${environment.apiUrl}/users/${id}`, params)
            .pipe(map(x => {
                // update stored user if the logged in user updated their own record
                if (id == this.userValue.id) {
                    // update local storage
                    const user = { ...this.userValue, ...params };
                    localStorage.setItem('user', JSON.stringify(user));

                    // publish updated user to subscribers
                    this.userSubject.next(user);
                }
                return x;
            }));
    }

    delete(id: string) {
        return this.http.delete(`${environment.apiUrl}/users/${id}`)
            .pipe(map(x => {
                // auto logout if the logged in user deleted their own record
                if (id == this.userValue.id) {
                    this.logout();
                }
                return x;
            }));
    }
}
 

Alert Service

Path: /src/app/_services/alert.service.ts

The alert service acts as the bridge between any component in an Angular application and the alert component that actually displays the alert messages. It contains methods for sending, clearing and subscribing to alert messages.

The service uses the RxJS Observable and Subject classes to enable communication with other components, for more information on how this works see Angular 9 - Communicating Between Components with Observable & Subject.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Observable, Subject } from 'rxjs';
import { filter } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { Alert, AlertType } from '@app/_models';

@Injectable({ providedIn: 'root' })
export class AlertService {
    private subject = new Subject<Alert>();
    private defaultId = 'default-alert';

    // enable subscribing to alerts observable
    onAlert(id = this.defaultId): Observable<Alert> {
        return this.subject.asObservable().pipe(filter(x => x && x.id === id));
    }

    // convenience methods
    success(message: string, options?: any) {
        this.alert(new Alert({ ...options, type: AlertType.Success, message }));
    }

    error(message: string, options?: any) {
        this.alert(new Alert({ ...options, type: AlertType.Error, message }));
    }

    info(message: string, options?: any) {
        this.alert(new Alert({ ...options, type: AlertType.Info, message }));
    }

    warn(message: string, options?: any) {
        this.alert(new Alert({ ...options, type: AlertType.Warning, message }));
    }

    // main alert method    
    alert(alert: Alert) {
        alert.id = alert.id || this.defaultId;
        this.subject.next(alert);
    }

    // clear alerts
    clear(id = this.defaultId) {
        this.subject.next(new Alert({ id }));
    }
}
 

Account Routing Module

Path: /src/app/account/account-routing.module.ts

The account routing module defines the routes for the account feature module. It includes routes for user login and registration, and a parent route for the layout component which contains the common layout code for the account section.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { LayoutComponent } from './layout.component';
import { LoginComponent } from './login.component';
import { RegisterComponent } from './register.component';

const routes: Routes = [
    {
        path: '', component: LayoutComponent,
        children: [
            { path: 'login', component: LoginComponent },
            { path: 'register', component: RegisterComponent }
        ]
    }
];

@NgModule({
    imports: [RouterModule.forChild(routes)],
    exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AccountRoutingModule { }
 

Account Module

Path: /src/app/account/account.module.ts

The account module defines the feature module for the account section along with metadata about the module. The imports specify which other angular modules are required by this module, and the declarations state which components belong to this module. For more info about angular 9 modules see https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/ngmodule.html.

The account module is hooked into the main app inside the app routing module with lazy loading.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';

import { AccountRoutingModule } from './account-routing.module';
import { LayoutComponent } from './layout.component';
import { LoginComponent } from './login.component';
import { RegisterComponent } from './register.component';

@NgModule({
    imports: [
        CommonModule,
        ReactiveFormsModule,
        AccountRoutingModule
    ],
    declarations: [
        LayoutComponent,
        LoginComponent,
        RegisterComponent
    ]
})
export class AccountModule { }
 

Account Layout Component Template

Path: /src/app/account/layout.component.html

The account layout component template is the root template of the account feature / section of the app, it contains the outer HTML for all account pages and a <router-outlet> for rendering the currently routed component.

<div class="col-md-6 offset-md-3 mt-5">
    <router-outlet></router-outlet>
</div>
 

Account Layout Component

Path: /src/app/account/layout.component.ts

The account layout component is the root component of the account feature / section of the app, it binds the component to the account layout template with the templateUrl property of the angular @Component decorator, and automatically redirects the user to the home page if they are already logged in.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';

import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'layout.component.html' })
export class LayoutComponent {
    constructor(
        private router: Router,
        private accountService: AccountService
    ) {
        // redirect to home if already logged in
        if (this.accountService.userValue) {
            this.router.navigate(['/']);
        }
    }
}
 

Login Component Template

Path: /src/app/account/login.component.html

The login component template contains a login form with username and password fields. It displays validation messages for invalid fields when the submit button is clicked. The form submit event is bound to the onSubmit() method of the login component.

The component uses reactive form validation to validate the input fields, for more information about angular reactive form validation see Angular 9 - Reactive Forms Validation Example.

<div class="card">
    <h4 class="card-header">Login</h4>
    <div class="card-body">
        <form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="username">Username</label>
                <input type="text" formControlName="username" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.username.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.username.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.username.errors.required">Username is required</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="password">Password</label>
                <input type="password" formControlName="password" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.password.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.password.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.required">Password is required</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <button [disabled]="loading" class="btn btn-primary">
                    <span *ngIf="loading" class="spinner-border spinner-border-sm mr-1"></span>
                    Login
                </button>
                <a routerLink="../register" class="btn btn-link">Register</a>
            </div>
        </form>
    </div>
</div>
 

Login Component

Path: /src/app/account/login.component.ts

The login component uses the account service to login to the application on form submit. It creates the form fields and validators using an Angular FormBuilder to create an instance of a FormGroup that is stored in the form property. The form is then bound to the <form> element in the login component template above using the [formGroup] directive.

The component contains a convenience getter property f to make it a bit easier to access form controls, for example you can access the password field in the template using f.password instead of form.controls.password.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { first } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { AccountService, AlertService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'login.component.html' })
export class LoginComponent implements OnInit {
    form: FormGroup;
    loading = false;
    submitted = false;
    returnUrl: string;

    constructor(
        private formBuilder: FormBuilder,
        private route: ActivatedRoute,
        private router: Router,
        private accountService: AccountService,
        private alertService: AlertService
    ) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.form = this.formBuilder.group({
            username: ['', Validators.required],
            password: ['', Validators.required]
        });

        // get return url from route parameters or default to '/'
        this.returnUrl = this.route.snapshot.queryParams['returnUrl'] || '/';
    }

    // convenience getter for easy access to form fields
    get f() { return this.form.controls; }

    onSubmit() {
        this.submitted = true;

        // reset alerts on submit
        this.alertService.clear();

        // stop here if form is invalid
        if (this.form.invalid) {
            return;
        }

        this.loading = true;
        this.accountService.login(this.f.username.value, this.f.password.value)
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    this.router.navigate([this.returnUrl]);
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }
}
 

Register Component Template

Path: /src/app/account/register.component.html

The register component template contains a simple registration form with fields for first name, last name, username and password. It displays validation messages for invalid fields when the submit button is clicked. The form element uses the [formGroup] directive to bind to the form FormGroup in the register component below, and it binds the form submit event to the onSubmit() handler in the register component using the angular event binding (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()".

The component uses reactive form validation to validate the input fields, for more information about angular reactive form validation see Angular 9 - Reactive Forms Validation Example.

<div class="card">
    <h4 class="card-header">Register</h4>
    <div class="card-body">
        <form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="firstName">First Name</label>
                <input type="text" formControlName="firstName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.firstName.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.firstName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.firstName.errors.required">First Name is required</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="lastName">Last Name</label>
                <input type="text" formControlName="lastName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.lastName.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.lastName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.lastName.errors.required">Last Name is required</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="username">Username</label>
                <input type="text" formControlName="username" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.username.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.username.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.username.errors.required">Username is required</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <label for="password">Password</label>
                <input type="password" formControlName="password" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.password.errors }" />
                <div *ngIf="submitted && f.password.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                    <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.required">Password is required</div>
                    <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.minlength">Password must be at least 6 characters</div>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <button [disabled]="loading" class="btn btn-primary">
                    <span *ngIf="loading" class="spinner-border spinner-border-sm mr-1"></span>
                    Register
                </button>
                <a routerLink="../login" class="btn btn-link">Cancel</a>
            </div>
        </form>
    </div>
</div>
 

Register Component

Path: /src/app/account/register.component.ts

The register component creates a new user with the account service when the register form is valid and submitted.

It creates the form fields and validators using an Angular FormBuilder to create an instance of a FormGroup that is stored in the form property. The form is then bound to the <form> element in the register component template above using the [formGroup] directive.

The component contains a convenience getter property f to make it a bit easier to access form controls, for example you can access the password field in the template using f.password instead of form.controls.password.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { first } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { AccountService, AlertService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'register.component.html' })
export class RegisterComponent implements OnInit {
    form: FormGroup;
    loading = false;
    submitted = false;

    constructor(
        private formBuilder: FormBuilder,
        private route: ActivatedRoute,
        private router: Router,
        private accountService: AccountService,
        private alertService: AlertService
    ) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.form = this.formBuilder.group({
            firstName: ['', Validators.required],
            lastName: ['', Validators.required],
            username: ['', Validators.required],
            password: ['', [Validators.required, Validators.minLength(6)]]
        });
    }

    // convenience getter for easy access to form fields
    get f() { return this.form.controls; }

    onSubmit() {
        this.submitted = true;

        // reset alerts on submit
        this.alertService.clear();

        // stop here if form is invalid
        if (this.form.invalid) {
            return;
        }

        this.loading = true;
        this.accountService.register(this.form.value)
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    this.alertService.success('Registration successful', { keepAfterRouteChange: true });
                    this.router.navigate(['../login'], { relativeTo: this.route });
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }
}
 

Home Component Template

Path: /src/app/home/home.component.html

The home component template contains html and angular 9 template syntax for displaying a simple welcome message and a link to the users section.

<div class="p-4">
    <div class="container">
        <h1>Hi {{user.firstName}}!</h1>
        <p>You're logged in with Angular 9!!</p>
        <p><a routerLink="/users">Manage Users</a></p>
    </div>
</div>
 

Home Component

Path: /src/app/home/home.component.ts

The home component defines an angular 9 component that gets the current logged in user from the account service and makes it available to the template via the user object property.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

import { User } from '@app/_models';
import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'home.component.html' })
export class HomeComponent {
    user: User;

    constructor(private accountService: AccountService) {
        this.user = this.accountService.userValue;
    }
}
 

Users Add/Edit Component Template

Path: /src/app/users/add-edit.component.html

The users add/edit component template contains a dynamic form that supports both creating and updating users. The isAddMode property is used to change what is displayed based on which mode it is in, for example the form title and password optional message.

<h1 *ngIf="isAddMode">Add User</h1>
<h1 *ngIf="!isAddMode">Edit User</h1>
<form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
    <div class="form-row">
        <div class="form-group col">
            <label for="firstName">First Name</label>
            <input type="text" formControlName="firstName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.firstName.errors }" />
            <div *ngIf="submitted && f.firstName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                <div *ngIf="f.firstName.errors.required">First Name is required</div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group col">
            <label for="lastName">Last Name</label>
            <input type="text" formControlName="lastName" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.lastName.errors }" />
            <div *ngIf="submitted && f.lastName.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                <div *ngIf="f.lastName.errors.required">Last Name is required</div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-row">
        <div class="form-group col">
            <label for="username">Username</label>
            <input type="text" formControlName="username" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.username.errors }" />
            <div *ngIf="submitted && f.username.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                <div *ngIf="f.username.errors.required">Username is required</div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group col">
            <label for="password">
                Password
                <em *ngIf="!isAddMode">(Leave blank to keep the same password)</em>
            </label>
            <input type="password" formControlName="password" class="form-control" [ngClass]="{ 'is-invalid': submitted && f.password.errors }" />
            <div *ngIf="submitted && f.password.errors" class="invalid-feedback">
                <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.required">Password is required</div>
                <div *ngIf="f.password.errors.minlength">Password must be at least 6 characters</div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
        <button [disabled]="loading" class="btn btn-primary">
            <span *ngIf="loading" class="spinner-border spinner-border-sm mr-1"></span>
            Save
        </button>
        <a routerLink="/users" class="btn btn-link">Cancel</a>
    </div>
</form>
 

Users Add/Edit Component

Path: /src/app/users/add-edit.component.ts

The users add/edit component is used for both adding and editing users, the component is in "add mode" when there is no user id route parameter, otherwise it is in "edit mode". The property isAddMode is used to change the component behaviour based on which mode it is in, for example in "add mode" the password field is required, and in "edit mode" (!this.isAddMode) the account service is called when the component initializes to get the user details (this.accountService.getById(this.id)) to preset the field values.

On submit a user is either created or updated by calling the account service, and on success you are redirected back to the users list page with a success message.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { FormBuilder, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { first } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { AccountService, AlertService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'add-edit.component.html' })
export class AddEditComponent implements OnInit {
    form: FormGroup;
    id: string;
    isAddMode: boolean;
    loading = false;
    submitted = false;

    constructor(
        private formBuilder: FormBuilder,
        private route: ActivatedRoute,
        private router: Router,
        private accountService: AccountService,
        private alertService: AlertService
    ) {}

    ngOnInit() {
        this.id = this.route.snapshot.params['id'];
        this.isAddMode = !this.id;
        
        // password not required in edit mode
        const passwordValidators = [Validators.minLength(6)];
        if (this.isAddMode) {
            passwordValidators.push(Validators.required);
        }

        this.form = this.formBuilder.group({
            firstName: ['', Validators.required],
            lastName: ['', Validators.required],
            username: ['', Validators.required],
            password: ['', passwordValidators]
        });

        if (!this.isAddMode) {
            this.accountService.getById(this.id)
                .pipe(first())
                .subscribe(x => {
                    this.f.firstName.setValue(x.firstName);
                    this.f.lastName.setValue(x.lastName);
                    this.f.username.setValue(x.username);
                });
        }
    }

    // convenience getter for easy access to form fields
    get f() { return this.form.controls; }

    onSubmit() {
        this.submitted = true;

        // reset alerts on submit
        this.alertService.clear();

        // stop here if form is invalid
        if (this.form.invalid) {
            return;
        }

        this.loading = true;
        if (this.isAddMode) {
            this.createUser();
        } else {
            this.updateUser();
        }
    }

    private createUser() {
        this.accountService.register(this.form.value)
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    this.alertService.success('User added successfully', { keepAfterRouteChange: true });
                    this.router.navigate(['.', { relativeTo: this.route }]);
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }

    private updateUser() {
        this.accountService.update(this.id, this.form.value)
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    this.alertService.success('Update successful', { keepAfterRouteChange: true });
                    this.router.navigate(['..', { relativeTo: this.route }]);
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }
}
 

Users Layout Component Template

Path: /src/app/users/layout.component.html

The users layout component template is the root template of the users feature / section of the app, it contains the outer HTML for all /users pages and a <router-outlet> for rendering the currently routed component.

<div class="p-4">
    <div class="container">
        <router-outlet></router-outlet>
    </div>
</div>
 

Users Layout Component

Path: /src/app/users/layout.component.ts

The users layout component is the root component of the users feature / section of the app, it binds the component to the users layout template with the templateUrl property of the angular @Component decorator.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'layout.component.html' })
export class LayoutComponent { }
 

Users List Component Template

Path: /src/app/users/list.component.html

The users list component template displays a list of all users and contains buttons for adding, editing and deleting users.

<h1>Users</h1>
<a routerLink="add" class="btn btn-sm btn-success mb-2">Add User</a>
<table class="table table-striped">
    <thead>
        <tr>
            <th style="width: 30%">First Name</th>
            <th style="width: 30%">Last Name</th>
            <th style="width: 30%">Username</th>
            <th style="width: 10%"></th>
        </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
        <tr *ngFor="let user of users">
            <td>{{user.firstName}}</td>
            <td>{{user.lastName}}</td>
            <td>{{user.username}}</td>
            <td style="white-space: nowrap">
                <a routerLink="edit/{{user.id}}" class="btn btn-sm btn-primary mr-1">Edit</a>
                <button (click)="deleteUser(user.id)" class="btn btn-sm btn-danger btn-delete-user" [disabled]="user.isDeleting">
                    <span *ngIf="user.isDeleting" class="spinner-border spinner-border-sm"></span>
                    <span *ngIf="!user.isDeleting">Delete</span>
                </button>
            </td>
        </tr>
        <tr *ngIf="!users">
            <td colspan="4" class="text-center">
                <span class="spinner-border spinner-border-lg align-center"></span>
            </td>
        </tr>
    </tbody>
</table>
 

Users List Component

Path: /src/app/users/list.component.ts

The users list component gets all users from the account service in the ngOnInit() method and makes them available to the users list template via the users property.

The deleteUser() method first sets the property user.isDeleting = true so the template displays a spinner on the delete button, it then calls this.accountService.delete() to delete the user and removes the deleted user from component users array so it is removed from the UI.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { first } from 'rxjs/operators';

import { AccountService } from '@app/_services';

@Component({ templateUrl: 'list.component.html' })
export class ListComponent implements OnInit {
    users = null;

    constructor(private accountService: AccountService) {}

    ngOnInit() {
        this.accountService.getAll()
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(users => this.users = users);
    }

    deleteUser(id: string) {
        const user = this.users.find(x => x.id === id);
        user.isDeleting = true;
        this.accountService.delete(id)
            .pipe(first())
            .subscribe(() => {
                this.users = this.users.filter(x => x.id !== id) 
            });
    }
}
 

Users Routing Module

Path: /src/app/users/users-routing.module.ts

The users routing module defines the routes for the users feature module. It includes routes for listing, adding and editing users, and a parent route for the layout component which contains the common layout code for the users section.

The add and edit routes are different but both load the same component (AddEditComponent) which modifies its behaviour based on the route.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { LayoutComponent } from './layout.component';
import { ListComponent } from './list.component';
import { AddEditComponent } from './add-edit.component';

const routes: Routes = [
    {
        path: '', component: LayoutComponent,
        children: [
            { path: '', component: ListComponent },
            { path: 'add', component: AddEditComponent },
            { path: 'edit/:id', component: AddEditComponent }
        ]
    }
];

@NgModule({
    imports: [RouterModule.forChild(routes)],
    exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class UsersRoutingModule { }
 

Users Module

Path: /src/app/users/users.module.ts

The users module defines the feature module for the users section along with metadata about the module. The imports specify which other angular modules are required by this module, and the declarations state which components belong to this module. For more info about angular 9 modules see https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/ngmodule.html.

The users module is hooked into the main app inside the app routing module with lazy loading.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';

import { UsersRoutingModule } from './users-routing.module';
import { LayoutComponent } from './layout.component';
import { ListComponent } from './list.component';
import { AddEditComponent } from './add-edit.component';

@NgModule({
    imports: [
        CommonModule,
        ReactiveFormsModule,
        UsersRoutingModule
    ],
    declarations: [
        LayoutComponent,
        ListComponent,
        AddEditComponent
    ]
})
export class UsersModule { }
 

App Routing Module

Path: /src/app/app-routing.module.ts

The app routing module defines the top level routes for the angular application and generates a root routing module by passing the array of routes to the RouterModule.forRoot() method. The module is imported into the main app module below.

The home route maps the root path of the app to the home component, the users route maps to the users module and the account route maps to the account module, both feature module routes (/users and /account) are lazy loaded. The home and users routes are secured by passing the auth guard to the canActivate property of each route.

For more information on angular routing see https://angular.io/guide/router.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { HomeComponent } from './home';
import { AuthGuard } from './_helpers';

const accountModule = () => import('./account/account.module').then(x => x.AccountModule);
const usersModule = () => import('./users/users.module').then(x => x.UsersModule);

const routes: Routes = [
    { path: '', component: HomeComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuard] },
    { path: 'users', loadChildren: usersModule, canActivate: [AuthGuard] },
    { path: 'account', loadChildren: accountModule },

    // otherwise redirect to home
    { path: '**', redirectTo: '' }
];

@NgModule({
    imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
    exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule { }
 

App Component Template

Path: /src/app/app.component.html

The app component template is the root component template of the application, it contains the main nav bar which is only displayed for authenticated users, a global alert component, and a router-outlet component for displaying the contents of each view based on the current route / path.

<!-- nav -->
<nav class="navbar navbar-expand navbar-dark bg-dark" *ngIf="user">
    <div class="navbar-nav">
        <a class="nav-item nav-link" routerLink="/" routerLinkActive="active" [routerLinkActiveOptions]="{exact: true}">Home</a>
        <a class="nav-item nav-link" routerLink="/users" routerLinkActive="active">Users</a>
        <a class="nav-item nav-link" (click)="logout()">Logout</a>
    </div>
</nav>

<!-- main app container -->
<div class="app-container" [ngClass]="{ 'bg-light': user }">
    <alert></alert>
    <router-outlet></router-outlet>
</div>
 

App Component

Path: /src/app/app.component.ts

The app component is the root component of the application, it defines the root tag of the app as <app></app> with the selector property of the @Component() decorator.

It subscribes to the user observable of the account service so it can reactively show/hide the main navigation bar when the user logs in/out of the application. I didn't worry about unsubscribing from the observable here because it's the root component of the application and will only be destroyed when the angular app is closed.

The logout() method is called from the logout link in the main nav bar above to log the user out and redirect them to the login page.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

import { AccountService } from './_services';
import { User } from './_models';

@Component({ selector: 'app', templateUrl: 'app.component.html' })
export class AppComponent {
    user: User;

    constructor(private accountService: AccountService) {
        this.accountService.user.subscribe(x => this.user = x);
    }

    logout() {
        this.accountService.logout();
    }
}
 

App Module

Path: /src/app/app.module.ts

The app module defines the root module of the application along with metadata about the module. For more info about angular 9 modules see https://angular.io/docs/ts/latest/guide/ngmodule.html.

This is where the fake backend provider is added to the application, to switch to a real backend simply remove the fakeBackendProvider located below the comment // provider used to create fake backend.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';

// used to create fake backend
import { fakeBackendProvider } from './_helpers';

import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { JwtInterceptor, ErrorInterceptor } from './_helpers';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { AlertComponent } from './_components';
import { HomeComponent } from './home';

@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        ReactiveFormsModule,
        HttpClientModule,
        AppRoutingModule
    ],
    declarations: [
        AppComponent,
        AlertComponent,
        HomeComponent
    ],
    providers: [
        { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: JwtInterceptor, multi: true },
        { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: ErrorInterceptor, multi: true },

        // provider used to create fake backend
        fakeBackendProvider
    ],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { };
 

Production Environment Config

Path: /src/environments/environment.prod.ts

The production environment config contains variables required to run the application in production. This enables you to build the application with a different configuration for each different environment (e.g. production & development) without updating the app code.

When you build the application for production with the command ng build --prod, the output environment.ts is replaced with environment.prod.ts.

export const environment = {
    production: true,
    apiUrl: 'http://localhost:4000'
};
 

Development Environment Config

Path: /src/environments/environment.ts

The development environment config contains variables required to run the application in development.

Environment config is accessed by importing the environment object into any Angular service of component with the line import { environment } from '@environments/environment' and accessing properties on the environment object, see the account service for an example.

export const environment = {
    production: false,
    apiUrl: 'http://localhost:4000'
};
 

Main Index Html File

Path: /src/index.html

The main index.html file is the initial page loaded by the browser that kicks everything off. The Angular CLI (with Webpack under the hood) bundles all of the compiled javascript files together and injects them into the body of the index.html page so the scripts can be loaded and executed by the browser.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <base href="/" />
    <title>Angular 9 - User Registration and Login Example</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

    <!-- bootstrap css -->
    <link href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.4.1/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>
<body>
    <app>Loading...</app>
</body>
</html>
 

Main (Bootstrap) File

Path: /src/main.ts

The main file is the entry point used by angular to launch and bootstrap the application.

import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';

import { AppModule } from './app/app.module';
import { environment } from './environments/environment';

if (environment.production) {
    enableProdMode();
}

platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule)
    .catch(err => console.error(err));
 

Polyfills

Path: /src/polyfills.ts

Some features used by Angular 9 are not yet supported natively by all major browsers, polyfills are used to add support for features where necessary so your Angular 9 application works across all major browsers.

This file is generated by the Angular CLI when creating a new project with the ng new command, I've excluded the comments in the file for brevity.

import 'zone.js/dist/zone';
 

Global LESS/CSS Styles

Path: /src/styles.less

The global styles file contains LESS/CSS styles that are applied globally throughout the application.

/* You can add global styles to this file, and also import other style files */
a { cursor: pointer; }

.app-container {
    min-height: 320px;
    overflow: hidden;
}

.btn-delete-user {
    width: 40px;
    text-align: center;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}
 

npm package.json

Path: /package.json

The package.json file contains project configuration information including package dependencies that get installed when you run npm install and scripts that are executed when you run npm start or npm run build etc. Full documentation is available at https://docs.npmjs.com/files/package.json.

{
    "name": "angular-9-registration-login-example",
    "version": "0.0.0",
    "scripts": {
        "ng": "ng",
        "start": "ng serve --open",
        "build": "ng build",
        "test": "ng test",
        "lint": "ng lint",
        "e2e": "ng e2e"
    },
    "private": true,
    "dependencies": {
        "@angular/animations": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/common": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/compiler": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/core": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/forms": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/platform-browser": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/platform-browser-dynamic": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/router": "~9.1.1",
        "rxjs": "~6.5.4",
        "tslib": "^1.10.0",
        "zone.js": "~0.10.2"
    },
    "devDependencies": {
        "@angular-devkit/build-angular": "~0.901.1",
        "@angular/cli": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/compiler-cli": "~9.1.1",
        "@angular/language-service": "~9.1.1",
        "@types/node": "^12.11.1",
        "@types/jasmine": "~3.5.0",
        "@types/jasminewd2": "~2.0.3",
        "codelyzer": "^5.1.2",
        "jasmine-core": "~3.5.0",
        "jasmine-spec-reporter": "~4.2.1",
        "karma": "~4.4.1",
        "karma-chrome-launcher": "~3.1.0",
        "karma-coverage-istanbul-reporter": "~2.1.0",
        "karma-jasmine": "~3.0.1",
        "karma-jasmine-html-reporter": "^1.4.2",
        "protractor": "~5.4.3",
        "ts-node": "~8.3.0",
        "tslint": "~6.1.0",
        "typescript": "~3.8.3"
    }
}
 

TypeScript tsconfig.json

Path: /tsconfig.json

The tsconfig.json file configures how the TypeScript compiler will convert TypeScript into JavaScript that is understood by the browser. For more info see https://www.typescriptlang.org/docs/handbook/tsconfig-json.html.

Most of the file is unchanged from when it was generated by the Angular CLI, only the paths property has been added to map @app and @environments to the /src/app and /src/environments directories. This allows imports to be relative to the app and environments folders by prefixing import paths with aliases instead of having to use long relative paths (e.g. import MyComponent from '../../../MyComponent').

{
    "compileOnSave": false,
    "compilerOptions": {
        "baseUrl": "./",
        "outDir": "./dist/out-tsc",
        "sourceMap": true,
        "declaration": false,
        "downlevelIteration": true,
        "experimentalDecorators": true,
        "module": "esnext",
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "importHelpers": true,
        "target": "es2015",
        "lib": [
            "es2018",
            "dom"
        ],
        "paths": {
            "@app/*": ["src/app/*"],
            "@environments/*": ["src/environments/*"]
        }
    },
    "angularCompilerOptions": {
        "fullTemplateTypeCheck": true,
        "strictInjectionParameters": true
    }
}

 

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