Published: February 03 2023

Vue 3 Authentication with Node.js JWT API

In this tutorial we'll go through how to implement authentication with a Vue front-end app and Node.js back-end API

The result is a simple full-stack login application with the front-end built with Vue 3 and the back-end built with Node.js and Express 4.

Tutorial Contents

Vue 3 Front-End App Overview

Front-end authentication app built with Vue 3.2.33 and Pinia 2.0.14

The Vue 3 app is pretty minimal and contains just 2 pages to demonstrate JWT authentication:

  • /login - public login page with username and password fields, on submit the page sends a POST request to the API to authenticate user credentials, on success the API returns a JWT token to make authenticated requests to secure API routes.
  • / - secure home page that displays a list of users fetched from a secure API endpoint using the JWT token received after successful login.

Complete documentation is available at Vue 3 + Pinia - JWT Authentication Tutorial & Example.

Node.js Back-End API Overview

Authentication API built with Node.js and Express.js 4.18.2

The Node.js API has just two endpoints/routes to demonstrate authentication with JWT and accessing a restricted route with JWT:

  • /users/authenticate - public route that accepts HTTP POST requests containing the username and password in the body. If the username and password are correct then a JWT authentication token and the user details are returned.
  • /users - secure route that accepts HTTP GET requests and returns a list of all the users in the application if the HTTP Authorization header contains a valid JWT token. If there is no auth token or the token is invalid then a 401 Unauthorized response is returned.

Complete documentation is available at Node.js + Express 4 - JWT Authentication Tutorial with Example API.

Download and Start the Vue 3 Auth App

Follow these steps to run the Vue 3 front-end authentication app:

  1. Install Node.js and npm from
  2. Download or clone the project source code from
  3. Install all required npm packages by running npm install from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
  4. Start the application by running npm run dev from the command line in the project root folder.
  5. Open a browser and go to the application at http://localhost:3000

Fake backand API by default

The Vue 3 authentication app runs with a fake backend by default to enable it to run completely in the browser without a real API, we'll switch to connect to the Node.js API below once it's up and running.

Download and Start the Node.js Auth API

Follow these steps to run the Node.js + Express 4 backend API:

  1. Download or clone the project source code from
  2. Start the api by running npm start from the command line in the project root folder, you should see the message Server listening on port 4000.

Connect the Front-End with the Back-End

  • In the Vue 3 auth app, remove or comment out the 2 lines below the comment // setup fake backend located in the /src/main.js file, then restart the Vue app and and it will now send requests to the Node.js authentication API.

That's it! You now have a full stack Vue 3 + Node.js authentication application running.


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