September 29 2016

Angular 2/5 User Registration and Login Example & Tutorial

December 14 2017 - Updated to new HttpClient.

Built with Angular 5.0.3

For an updated version built with Angular 6 check out Angular 6 - User Registration and Login Example & Tutorial.

After getting a lot of interest in a previous tutorial I posted on how to build a User Registration and Login with Angular 1, and since Angular 2 Final was recently released I thought it was time to post an updated example built with Angular 2 and TypeScript.

The project is available on GitHub at https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example.

Webpack version is available at https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example-webpack.

Angular CLI version is available at https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example-cli.

The example is the boilerplate front end of a secure web application that I developed for a law firm in Sydney recently, it uses a fake backend that stores users in HTML5 local storage, to switch to using a real web service simply remove the fake backend providers in the app.module.ts file below the comment "// providers used to create fake backend".

Here it is in action: (See on StackBlitz at https://stackblitz.com/edit/angular-2-5-registration-login-example)

Update History:


Running the Angular 2/5 User Registration & Login Example

This version of the example uses SystemJS as the module loader.

  1. Install NodeJS (> v4) and NPM (> v3) from https://nodejs.org/en/download/, you can check the versions you have installed by running node -v and npm -v from the command line.
     
  2. Download the project source code from https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example
     
  3. Install all required npm packages by running npm install from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
     
  4. Start the application by running npm start from the command line in the project root folder.


Running the Webpack Version of the Angular 2/5 Example

This version of the example uses Webpack to bundle the angular 2 modules together and perform other build tasks, the structure is based on the Angular 2 Webpack Introduction on the Angular 2 docs site.

The Webpack Dev Server is used as the local web server for this version.

  1. Install NodeJS (> v4) and NPM (> v3) from https://nodejs.org/en/download/, you can check the versions you have installed by running node -v and npm -v from the command line.
     
  2. Download the project source code from https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example-webpack
     
  3. Install all required npm packages by running npm install from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
     
  4. Start the application by running npm start from the command line in the project root folder.
     
  5. Browse to http://localhost:8080 to test your application.


Running the Angular CLI Version of the Angular 2/5 Example

This version is pretty much the same as the Webpack version above, I've just copied it into the project structure generated by Angular CLI (1.5.4) to make it easier for anybody that's using Angular CLI.

For more information about Angular CLI check out the official website at https://cli.angular.io/.

  1. Install NodeJS (> v6.9) and NPM (> v3) from https://nodejs.org/en/download/, you can check the versions you have installed by running node -v and npm -v from the command line.
     
  2. Install Angular CLI by running npm install -g @angular/cli
     
  3. Download the project source code from https://github.com/cornflourblue/angular2-registration-login-example-cli
     
  4. Install all required npm packages by running npm install from the command line in the project root folder (where the package.json is located).
     
  5. Start the application by running ng servefrom the command line in the project root folder.
     
  6. Browse to http://localhost:4200 to test your application.

 


Angular 2/5 Project Structure

I used the Angular 2 quickstart project as a base for the application, it's written in TypeScript and uses systemjs for loading modules. If you're new to angular 2 I'd recommend checking out the quickstart as it provides details on the project tooling and configuration files which aren't covered in this post.

The project and code structure mostly follows the recommendations in the official Angular 2 style guide, with my own tweaks here and there.

Each feature has it's own folder (home & login), other code such as services, models, guards etc are placed in folders prefixed with an underscore to easily differentiate them and group them together at the top of the folder structure.

Here's the project structure:


Below are brief descriptions and the code for the main files of the example application, all files are available in the github project linked at the top of the post.

 

Angular 2/5 Alert Component Template

Path: /app/_directives/alert.component.html

The alert component template contains the html for displaying alert messages at the top of the page.

<div *ngIf="message" [ngClass]="{ 'alert': message, 'alert-success': message.type === 'success', 'alert-danger': message.type === 'error' }">{{message.text}}</div>
 

Angular 2/5 Alert Component

Path: /app/_directives/alert.component.ts

The alert component passes alert messages to the template whenever a message is received from the alert service. It does this by subscribing to the alert service's getMessage() method which returns an Observable.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { AlertService } from '../_services/index';

@Component({
    moduleId: module.id,
    selector: 'alert',
    templateUrl: 'alert.component.html'
})

export class AlertComponent {
    message: any;

    constructor(private alertService: AlertService) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.alertService.getMessage().subscribe(message => { this.message = message; });
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Auth Guard

Path: /app/_guards/auth.guard.ts

The auth guard is used to prevent unauthenticated users from accessing restricted routes, in this example it's used in app.routing.ts to protect the home page route. For more information about angular 2 guards you can check out this post on the thoughtram blog.

NOTE: While it would be possible to bypass this client side authentication check by manually adding a 'currentUser' object to local storage using browser dev tools, this would only give access to the client side routes/components, it wouldn't give access to any real secure data from the server api because a valid authentication token (JWT) is required for this.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, CanActivate, ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot } from '@angular/router';

@Injectable()
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {

    constructor(private router: Router) { }

    canActivate(route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot) {
        if (localStorage.getItem('currentUser')) {
            // logged in so return true
            return true;
        }

        // not logged in so redirect to login page with the return url
        this.router.navigate(['/login'], { queryParams: { returnUrl: state.url }});
        return false;
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Fake Backend Provider

Path: /app/_helpers/fake-backend.ts

The fake backend provider enables the example to run without a backend / backendless, it uses HTML5 local storage for storing registered user data and provides fake implementations for authentication and CRUD methods, these would be handled by a real api and database in a production application.

It's implemented using the HttpInterceptor class that was introduced in Angular 4.3 as part of the new HttpClientModule. By extending the HttpInterceptor class you can create a custom interceptor to modify http requests before they get sent to the server. In this case the FakeBackendInterceptor intercepts certain requests based on their URL and provides a fake response instead of going to the server.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpResponse, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/of';
import 'rxjs/add/observable/throw';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/delay';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/mergeMap';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/materialize';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/dematerialize';

@Injectable()
export class FakeBackendInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {

    constructor() { }

    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        // array in local storage for registered users
        let users: any[] = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('users')) || [];

        // wrap in delayed observable to simulate server api call
        return Observable.of(null).mergeMap(() => {

            // authenticate
            if (request.url.endsWith('/api/authenticate') && request.method === 'POST') {
                // find if any user matches login credentials
                let filteredUsers = users.filter(user => {
                    return user.username === request.body.username && user.password === request.body.password;
                });

                if (filteredUsers.length) {
                    // if login details are valid return 200 OK with user details and fake jwt token
                    let user = filteredUsers[0];
                    let body = {
                        id: user.id,
                        username: user.username,
                        firstName: user.firstName,
                        lastName: user.lastName,
                        token: 'fake-jwt-token'
                    };

                    return Observable.of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200, body: body }));
                } else {
                    // else return 400 bad request
                    return Observable.throw('Username or password is incorrect');
                }
            }

            // get users
            if (request.url.endsWith('/api/users') && request.method === 'GET') {
                // check for fake auth token in header and return users if valid, this security is implemented server side in a real application
                if (request.headers.get('Authorization') === 'Bearer fake-jwt-token') {
                    return Observable.of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200, body: users }));
                } else {
                    // return 401 not authorised if token is null or invalid
                    return Observable.throw('Unauthorised');
                }
            }

            // get user by id
            if (request.url.match(/\/api\/users\/\d+$/) && request.method === 'GET') {
                // check for fake auth token in header and return user if valid, this security is implemented server side in a real application
                if (request.headers.get('Authorization') === 'Bearer fake-jwt-token') {
                    // find user by id in users array
                    let urlParts = request.url.split('/');
                    let id = parseInt(urlParts[urlParts.length - 1]);
                    let matchedUsers = users.filter(user => { return user.id === id; });
                    let user = matchedUsers.length ? matchedUsers[0] : null;

                    return Observable.of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200, body: user }));
                } else {
                    // return 401 not authorised if token is null or invalid
                    return Observable.throw('Unauthorised');
                }
            }

            // create user
            if (request.url.endsWith('/api/users') && request.method === 'POST') {
                // get new user object from post body
                let newUser = request.body;

                // validation
                let duplicateUser = users.filter(user => { return user.username === newUser.username; }).length;
                if (duplicateUser) {
                    return Observable.throw('Username "' + newUser.username + '" is already taken');
                }

                // save new user
                newUser.id = users.length + 1;
                users.push(newUser);
                localStorage.setItem('users', JSON.stringify(users));

                // respond 200 OK
                return Observable.of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200 }));
            }

            // delete user
            if (request.url.match(/\/api\/users\/\d+$/) && request.method === 'DELETE') {
                // check for fake auth token in header and return user if valid, this security is implemented server side in a real application
                if (request.headers.get('Authorization') === 'Bearer fake-jwt-token') {
                    // find user by id in users array
                    let urlParts = request.url.split('/');
                    let id = parseInt(urlParts[urlParts.length - 1]);
                    for (let i = 0; i < users.length; i++) {
                        let user = users[i];
                        if (user.id === id) {
                            // delete user
                            users.splice(i, 1);
                            localStorage.setItem('users', JSON.stringify(users));
                            break;
                        }
                    }

                    // respond 200 OK
                    return Observable.of(new HttpResponse({ status: 200 }));
                } else {
                    // return 401 not authorised if token is null or invalid
                    return Observable.throw('Unauthorised');
                }
            }

            // pass through any requests not handled above
            return next.handle(request);
            
        })

        // call materialize and dematerialize to ensure delay even if an error is thrown (https://github.com/Reactive-Extensions/RxJS/issues/648)
        .materialize()
        .delay(500)
        .dematerialize();
    }
}

export let fakeBackendProvider = {
    // use fake backend in place of Http service for backend-less development
    provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS,
    useClass: FakeBackendInterceptor,
    multi: true
};
 

Angular 2/5 JWT Interceptor

Path: /app/_helpers/jwt.interceptor.ts

The JWT Interceptor intercepts http requests from the application to add a JWT auth token to the Authorization header if the user is logged in.

It's implemented using the HttpInterceptor class that was introduced in Angular 4.3 as part of the new HttpClientModule. By extending the HttpInterceptor class you can create a custom interceptor to modify http requests before they get sent to the server.

Http interceptors are added to the request pipeline in the providers section of the app.module.ts file.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpRequest, HttpHandler, HttpEvent, HttpInterceptor } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';

@Injectable()
export class JwtInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
    intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
        // add authorization header with jwt token if available
        let currentUser = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('currentUser'));
        if (currentUser && currentUser.token) {
            request = request.clone({
                setHeaders: { 
                    Authorization: `Bearer ${currentUser.token}`
                }
            });
        }

        return next.handle(request);
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 User Model

Path: /app/_models/user.ts

The user model is a small class that defines the properties of a user.

export class User {
    id: number;
    username: string;
    password: string;
    firstName: string;
    lastName: string;
}
 

Angular 2/5 Alert Service

Path: /app/_services/alert.service.ts

The alert service enables any component in the application to display alert messages at the top of the page via the alert component.

It has methods for displaying success and error messages, and a getMessage() method that returns an Observable that is used by the alert component to subscribe to notifications for whenever a message should be displayed.

For an extended version of the alert service that has a bit more functionality and enables adding multiple alerts per page check out Angular 2/5 - Alert (Toaster) Notifications.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, NavigationStart } from '@angular/router';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { Subject } from 'rxjs/Subject';

@Injectable()
export class AlertService {
    private subject = new Subject<any>();
    private keepAfterNavigationChange = false;

    constructor(private router: Router) {
        // clear alert message on route change
        router.events.subscribe(event => {
            if (event instanceof NavigationStart) {
                if (this.keepAfterNavigationChange) {
                    // only keep for a single location change
                    this.keepAfterNavigationChange = false;
                } else {
                    // clear alert
                    this.subject.next();
                }
            }
        });
    }

    success(message: string, keepAfterNavigationChange = false) {
        this.keepAfterNavigationChange = keepAfterNavigationChange;
        this.subject.next({ type: 'success', text: message });
    }

    error(message: string, keepAfterNavigationChange = false) {
        this.keepAfterNavigationChange = keepAfterNavigationChange;
        this.subject.next({ type: 'error', text: message });
    }

    getMessage(): Observable<any> {
        return this.subject.asObservable();
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Authentication Service

Path: /app/_services/authentication.service.ts

The authentication service is used to login and logout of the application, to login it posts the users credentials to the api and checks the response for a JWT token, if there is one it means authentication was successful so the user details including the token are added to local storage.

The logged in user details are stored in local storage so the user will stay logged in if they refresh the browser and also between browser sessions until they logout. If you don't want the user to stay logged in between refreshes or sessions the behaviour could easily be changed by storing user details somewhere less persistent such as session storage or in a property of the authentication service.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map'

@Injectable()
export class AuthenticationService {
    constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

    login(username: string, password: string) {
        return this.http.post<any>('/api/authenticate', { username: username, password: password })
            .map(user => {
                // login successful if there's a jwt token in the response
                if (user && user.token) {
                    // store user details and jwt token in local storage to keep user logged in between page refreshes
                    localStorage.setItem('currentUser', JSON.stringify(user));
                }

                return user;
            });
    }

    logout() {
        // remove user from local storage to log user out
        localStorage.removeItem('currentUser');
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 User Service

Path: /app/_services/user.service.ts

The user service contains a standard set of CRUD methods for managing users, it acts as the interface between the Angular application and the backend api.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

import { User } from '../_models/index';

@Injectable()
export class UserService {
    constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

    getAll() {
        return this.http.get<User[]>('/api/users');
    }

    getById(id: number) {
        return this.http.get('/api/users/' + id);
    }

    create(user: User) {
        return this.http.post('/api/users', user);
    }

    update(user: User) {
        return this.http.put('/api/users/' + user.id, user);
    }

    delete(id: number) {
        return this.http.delete('/api/users/' + id);
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Home Component Template

Path: /app/home/home.component.html

The home component template contains html and angular 2 template syntax for displaying a simple welcome message, a list of users and a logout link.

<div class="col-md-6 col-md-offset-3">
    <h1>Hi {{currentUser.firstName}}!</h1>
    <p>You're logged in with Angular 2!!</p>
    <h3>All registered users:</h3>
    <ul>
        <li *ngFor="let user of users">
            {{user.username}} ({{user.firstName}} {{user.lastName}})
            - <a (click)="deleteUser(user.id)">Delete</a>
        </li>
    </ul>
    <p><a [routerLink]="['/login']">Logout</a></p>
</div>
 

Angular 2/5 Home Component

Path: /app/home/home.component.ts

The home component gets the current user from local storage and all users from the user service, and makes them available to the template.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';

import { User } from '../_models/index';
import { UserService } from '../_services/index';

@Component({
    moduleId: module.id,
    templateUrl: 'home.component.html'
})

export class HomeComponent implements OnInit {
    currentUser: User;
    users: User[] = [];

    constructor(private userService: UserService) {
        this.currentUser = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('currentUser'));
    }

    ngOnInit() {
        this.loadAllUsers();
    }

    deleteUser(id: number) {
        this.userService.delete(id).subscribe(() => { this.loadAllUsers() });
    }

    private loadAllUsers() {
        this.userService.getAll().subscribe(users => { this.users = users; });
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Login Component Template

Path: /app/login/login.component.html

The login component template contains a login form with username and password fields. It displays validation messages for invalid fields when the submit button is clicked. On submit the login() method is called as long as the form is valid.

<div class="col-md-6 col-md-offset-3">
    <h2>Login</h2>
    <form name="form" (ngSubmit)="f.form.valid && login()" #f="ngForm" novalidate>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !username.valid }">
            <label for="username">Username</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" name="username" [(ngModel)]="model.username" #username="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !username.valid" class="help-block">Username is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !password.valid }">
            <label for="password">Password</label>
            <input type="password" class="form-control" name="password" [(ngModel)]="model.password" #password="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !password.valid" class="help-block">Password is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <button [disabled]="loading" class="btn btn-primary">Login</button>
            <img *ngIf="loading" src="data:image/gif;base64,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" />
            <a [routerLink]="['/register']" class="btn btn-link">Register</a>
        </div>
    </form>
</div>
 

Angular 2/5 Login Component

Path: /app/login/login.component.ts

The login component uses the authentication service to login and logout of the application. It automatically logs the user out when it initializes (ngOnInit) so the login page can also be used to logout.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';

import { AlertService, AuthenticationService } from '../_services/index';

@Component({
    moduleId: module.id,
    templateUrl: 'login.component.html'
})

export class LoginComponent implements OnInit {
    model: any = {};
    loading = false;
    returnUrl: string;

    constructor(
        private route: ActivatedRoute,
        private router: Router,
        private authenticationService: AuthenticationService,
        private alertService: AlertService) { }

    ngOnInit() {
        // reset login status
        this.authenticationService.logout();

        // get return url from route parameters or default to '/'
        this.returnUrl = this.route.snapshot.queryParams['returnUrl'] || '/';
    }

    login() {
        this.loading = true;
        this.authenticationService.login(this.model.username, this.model.password)
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    this.router.navigate([this.returnUrl]);
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 Register Component Template

Path: /app/register/register.component.html

The register component template contains a simple registration form with fields for first name, last name, username and password. It displays validation messages for invalid fields when the submit button is clicked. On submit the register() method is called if the form is valid.

<div class="col-md-6 col-md-offset-3">
    <h2>Register</h2>
    <form name="form" (ngSubmit)="f.form.valid && register()" #f="ngForm" novalidate>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !username.valid }">
            <label for="firstName">First Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" name="firstName" [(ngModel)]="model.firstName" #firstName="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !firstName.valid" class="help-block">First Name is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !username.valid }">
            <label for="lastName">Last Name</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" name="lastName" [(ngModel)]="model.lastName" #lastName="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !lastName.valid" class="help-block">Last Name is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !username.valid }">
            <label for="username">Username</label>
            <input type="text" class="form-control" name="username" [(ngModel)]="model.username" #username="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !username.valid" class="help-block">Username is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group" [ngClass]="{ 'has-error': f.submitted && !password.valid }">
            <label for="password">Password</label>
            <input type="password" class="form-control" name="password" [(ngModel)]="model.password" #password="ngModel" required />
            <div *ngIf="f.submitted && !password.valid" class="help-block">Password is required</div>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <button [disabled]="loading" class="btn btn-primary">Register</button>
            <img *ngIf="loading" src="data:image/gif;base64,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" />
            <a [routerLink]="['/login']" class="btn btn-link">Cancel</a>
        </div>
    </form>
</div>
 

Angular 2/5 Register Component

Path: /app/register/register.component.ts

The register component has a single register() method that creates a new user with the user service when the register form is submitted.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';

import { AlertService, UserService } from '../_services/index';

@Component({
    moduleId: module.id,
    templateUrl: 'register.component.html'
})

export class RegisterComponent {
    model: any = {};
    loading = false;

    constructor(
        private router: Router,
        private userService: UserService,
        private alertService: AlertService) { }

    register() {
        this.loading = true;
        this.userService.create(this.model)
            .subscribe(
                data => {
                    // set success message and pass true paramater to persist the message after redirecting to the login page
                    this.alertService.success('Registration successful', true);
                    this.router.navigate(['/login']);
                },
                error => {
                    this.alertService.error(error);
                    this.loading = false;
                });
    }
}
 

Angular 2/5 App Component Template

Path: /app/app.component.html

The app component template is the root component template of the application, it contains a router-outlet directive for displaying the contents of each view based on the current route, and an alert directive for displaying alert messages from anywhere in the system.

<!-- main app container -->
<div class="jumbotron">
    <div class="container">
        <div class="col-sm-8 col-sm-offset-2">
            <alert></alert>
            <router-outlet></router-outlet>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
 

Angular 2/5 App Component

Path: /app/app.component.ts

The app component is the root component of the application, it defines the root tag of the app as <app></app> with the selector property.

The moduleId property is set to allow a relative path to be used for the templateUrl.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
    moduleId: module.id,
    selector: 'app',
    templateUrl: 'app.component.html'
})

export class AppComponent { }
 

Angular 2/5 App Module

Path: /app/app.module.ts

The app module defines the root module of the application along with metadata about the module. For more info about angular 2 modules check out this page on the official docs site.

This is where the fake backend provider is added to the application, to switch to a real backend simply remove the providers located under the comment "// providers used to create fake backend".

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';

// used to create fake backend
import { fakeBackendProvider } from './_helpers/index';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { routing } from './app.routing';

import { AlertComponent } from './_directives/index';
import { AuthGuard } from './_guards/index';
import { JwtInterceptor } from './_helpers/index';
import { AlertService, AuthenticationService, UserService } from './_services/index';
import { HomeComponent } from './home/index';
import { LoginComponent } from './login/index';
import { RegisterComponent } from './register/index';

@NgModule({
    imports: [
        BrowserModule,
        FormsModule,
        HttpClientModule,
        routing
    ],
    declarations: [
        AppComponent,
        AlertComponent,
        HomeComponent,
        LoginComponent,
        RegisterComponent
    ],
    providers: [
        AuthGuard,
        AlertService,
        AuthenticationService,
        UserService,
        {
            provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS,
            useClass: JwtInterceptor,
            multi: true
        },

        // provider used to create fake backend
        fakeBackendProvider
    ],
    bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})

export class AppModule { }
 

Angular 2/5 App Routing

Path: /app/app.routing.ts

The app routing file defines the routes of the application, each route contains a path and associated component. The home route is secured by passing the AuthGuard to the canActivate property of the route.

import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { HomeComponent } from './home/index';
import { LoginComponent } from './login/index';
import { RegisterComponent } from './register/index';
import { AuthGuard } from './_guards/index';

const appRoutes: Routes = [
    { path: '', component: HomeComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuard] },
    { path: 'login', component: LoginComponent },
    { path: 'register', component: RegisterComponent },

    // otherwise redirect to home
    { path: '**', redirectTo: '' }
];

export const routing = RouterModule.forRoot(appRoutes);
 

Angular 2/5 Main (Bootstrap) File

Path: /app/main.ts

The main file is the entry point used by angular to launch and bootstrap the application.

import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';

import { AppModule } from './app.module';

platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

 

Recommended Books on Angular 2/5


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